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Corns and Callus

Corns and calluses are something that most people will develop at sometime or another. They are the result of thickening of the top layer of skin, or stratum corneum, usually in response to repeated physical trauma. For many people, corns and calluses cause some degree of pain and discomfort. For some they are a cosmetic concern, especially larger calluses that develop on the heel.

Facts about Corns:

    • They often develop on the areas near the joints of toes in response to shoe friction, especially if you have hammertoes.
    • Another common place for a corn is the side of the little toe
    • Soft corns can develop in between toes in response to two toes rubbing against each other
    • Tiny “seed corns” occur most often on the ball of the foot and can be quite painful
  • They can sometimes be mistaken for warts.
Plantar Warts

Plantar Warts

Facts about Calluses

    • Calluses are often larger than corns and occur in response to friction from shoes or walking barefoot.
    • They often develop on the soles and ball of the foot because these areas experience the most ground pressure.
    • Heel calluses may develop into painful cracked areas of skin that become wounds.

Treatment

If a corn or callus is painful or you see any blood in it, you should have it treated by a podiatrist. Pain or bleeding means the corn or callus is irritating the deeper layers of skin that contain nerves and blood vessels. Treatment will involve debriding, or paring the corn or callus so as to remove it without damaging nearby healthy skin. Even if a corn or callus is not painful, you may still opt to have it treated by a podiatist.

If you have a corn or callus that is not painful or very thick, you could treat it yourself at home.

Advice for Treating Calluses at Home

    • There are a variety of over-the-counter corn remover products that usually contain salicylic acid. Discontinue using these products if any pain or skin irritation develops. Do not use these products if you have diabetic neuropathy or any condition that affects blood supply to the feet such as peripheral arterial disease.
    • Larger calluses on the soles of the feet or heels can be treated by using a foot file or pumice stone after a shower or foot soak. This makes exfoliation much easier and effective. Apply a foot moisturizing product after this step to lock in the moisture. This routine will help keep calluses at bay.
    • Over-the-counter corn remover products usually come as pads that are applied directly to the corn. After you remove the pad, soak the foot in warm water for five to 10 minutes. Then, using a foot file or pumice stone, gently file away any dead skin that is easily and painlessly removed.
  • To help protect toes from friction that causes corns, try an elastic toe sleeve. Calluses on the bottom of the feet and heels may also benefit from gel insoles or heel cups. These products can be purchased where foot-health products are sold.

If you have a medical condition such as diabetes, peripheral arterial disease or any condition that causes peripheral neuropathy, it is always advisable to have corns and calluses treated by a podiatrist to minimize the chance they will develop into a wound.

Cure Your Corns / Callus Today. Call Us at +65 6471 2744 Or SMS to +65 92357641 For Appointment

Patient Guide to Corns and Calluses

Corns and calluses are thick, hardened layers of skin that develop when your skin tries to protect itself against friction and pressure. They most often develop on the feet and toes or hands and fingers. Corns and calluses can be unsightly.

If you’re healthy, you need treatment for corns and calluses only if they cause discomfort. For most people, simply eliminating the source of friction or pressure makes corns and calluses disappear.

However, if you have diabetes or another condition that causes poor circulation to your feet, you’re at greater risk of complications from corns and calluses. Seek your doctor’s advice on proper care for corns and calluses if you have one of these conditions.

Symptoms of Corn and Callus:

You may have a corn or callus if you notice:

  • A thick, rough area of skin
  • A hardened, raised bump
  • Tenderness or pain under your skin
  • Flaky, dry or waxy skin

Corns and calluses are often confused, but they’re not the same thing:

  • Corns are smaller than calluses and have a hard center surrounded by inflamed skin. Corns tend to develop on parts of your feet that don’t bear weight, such as the tops and sides of your toes, though they can also be found in weight-bearing areas. Corns can even develop between your toes. Corns can be painful when pressed.
  • Calluses usually develop on the soles of your feet, especially under the heels or balls, on your palms, or on your knees. Calluses are rarely painful and vary in size and shape, though they’re often larger than corns.

When to see a doctor
If a corn or callus becomes very painful or inflamed, see your doctor. If you have diabetes or poor circulation, call your doctor before self-treating corns or calluses because even a relatively minor injury to your foot could lead to an infected open sore (foot ulcer) that’s difficult to heal.

Pressure and friction from repetitive actions cause corns and calluses to develop and grow. Some causes include:

  • Ill-fitting shoes. When shoes are too tight or have high heels, they compress areas of your foot. When they’re too loose, your foot may repeatedly slide and rub against the shoe. Your foot may also rub against a poorly placed seam or stitch inside the shoe.
  • Skipping socks. Wearing shoes and sandals without socks can lead to friction on your feet. Socks that don’t fit properly also can be a problem.
  • Using hand tools. Calluses on your hands may result from the repeated pressure of using tools on the job, around the house or in the garden.

These factors may increase your risk of corns and calluses:

  • Bunions, hammertoe or other foot deformities. A bunion is an abnormal, bony bump that forms on the joint at the base of your big toe. A hammertoe is a toe deformity in which your toe becomes curled up like a claw. These conditions and other foot deformities, such as a bone spur, can cause constant rubbing inside your shoe.
  • Not protecting your hands. Using hand tools without wearing gloves exposes your skin to excessive friction

Cure your Corn or Callus today. Call +65 6471 2744 or SMS to +65 9235 7641 for Appointment