Definition of Osgood Schalatter Disease
Osgood Schlatter disease is a disorder of the lower front of the knee where the large tendon under the kneecap (patellar tendon) attaches to the bone of the leg below. The condition is characterized by localized pain and tenderness in this area. Osgood-Schlatter disease is predominantly seen in young adolescent boys. It is felt that stress on the bone from the tendon tugging it during activities leads to Osgood-Schlatter disease.
What are symptoms of Osgood Schlatter disease?
Osgood Schlatter disease is felt to be due in part to recurrent pulling tension on the kneecap tendon by the bulky muscles of the front of the thigh. The irritation of this pulling can cause local pain, inflammation, swelling, and calcification of the tendon that is visible with an x-ray test.
How is Osgood Schlatter disease diagnosed?
Osgood Schlatter disease can be diagnosed clinically based on the typical symptoms and physical examination findings. X-ray testing is sometime performed in order to document the status of the calcification at the insertion of kneecap (patellar) tendon. Sometimes a tiny piece of the bone of the tibia actually is pulled away by the inflamed tendon.
What are the treatment for Osgood Schalatter disease?
Patients with Osgood Schlatter disease can be helped by anti inflammation and pain-relieving medications, ice, and rest. Osgood-Schlatter disease typically goes away over time (months to years after the normal bone growth stops). Some adults who have had Osgood-Schlatter disease are left with “knobby” appearance to the front of the knee.