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Dangerous Sports in Kids

What are some common forms of sports injury that kids in Singapore experience (e.g. fractures, concussions, and trauma)? Do provide statistics of these injury cases happening in Singapore, in recent years. How are these sports injury usually treated?

There are 2 most common injury in kids:

1. Bone Fracture

Depending on the severity of the fracture, the treatment is ranging from Splint, Cast/Plaster, and Surgery.

2. Ankle sprained

Sprained ankle is very common injury for kids, and the treatment is depending on the grades of the sprain. Most of the time it is treated with Cast or Ankle Air Cast in order to allow the ligament to heal properly. Tubigrip is also often used to reduce the swelling.

ACL Injury

Share with us the 5 most dangerous sports for kids. What is it about these sports that make them dangerous? Anything that kids/parents/teachers can do to keep the rate of accidents and injuries low?

1. Basketball

Basketball Game involving with twisting, jumping, pivoting, squatting, or making sudden stops puts kids at risk. Proper coach up can help to keep the rate of injuries low. Basketball Shoes which covered above ankle will help to protect the ankles.

2. Cycling

Wearing a helmet, elbow and knee guards greatly reduces risk as does educating children about the dangers of riding in traffic.

3. Soccer

Soccer-playing boys are at highest risk for ankle sprains as well as thigh and upper leg strains and knee injuries such as ACL and Meniscus Injuries. Proper coach up can help to keep the rate of injuries low.

4. Baseball

Baseball injuries caused by being hit by a batted ball, four in 10 caused fractures, lacerations, or concussions. There are even reports of sustaining a coma from a batted ball and haemorrhaging in the brain after being hit by a bat. Baseball has also the highest injury rate in elbows, mostly due to repetitive pitching and improper technique. Wear proper protective gear will help in reduce the rate of injuries.

5. Skateboarding

You are on a piece of wood with sandpaper and wheels. Doing tricks off ledges sometimes higher than 15 feet. The use of protective gear, such as closed, slip-resistant shoes, helmets, and specially designed padding for elbows, knees, and hands is helping to reduce the rate of injuries such as wrist fracture, elbow fracture, and clavicle fracture.

What’s the first thing to be done when someone gets hurt while playing sports?

Ans: Depending on the severity of the injury:

1. For severe cases and injured person no response: Call for help. Eg: 995

–          Check on ABC (Airway, Breathing and Circulation)

2. For non-severe cases:

–          In the event of bleeding – is to stop the bleeding but putting pressure on the affected area

–          In the event of fracture or soft tissue – is to put a splint to reduce the pain

–          Bring the injured patient to nearest A&E or GP

Having Sports Injuries? You are at the Right Place. Consult our Sports Specialist today. Call us +65 64712744 or SMS to +65 92357641 to schedule for an appointment. 

Preventing Football Sports Injury

Football is one of the most popular sports played by young athletes, and it leads all other sports in the number of injuries sustained.

WHAT TYPES OF INJURIES ARE MOST COMMON IN FOOTBALL?

Injuries occur during football games and practice due to the combination of high speeds and full contact. While overuse injuries can occur, traumatic injuries such as concussions are most common. The force applied to either bringing an opponent to the ground or resisting being brought to the ground makes football players prone to injury anywhere on their bodies, regardless of protective equipment.

COMMON INJURIES IN FOOTBALL PLAYERS:

Traumatic Injuries:

Knee injuries in football are the most common, especially those to the anterior or posterior cruciate ligament (ACL/PCL) and to the menisci (cartilage of the knee). These knee injuries can adversely affect a player’s longterm involvement in the sport. Football players also have a higher chance of ankle sprains due to the surfaces played on and cutting motions.

Shoulder injuries are also quite common and the labrum (cartilage bumper surrounding the socket part of the shoulder) is particularly susceptible to injury, especially in offensive and defensive linemen. In addition, injuries to the acromioclavicular joint (ACJ) or shoulder are seen in football players.

Overuse Injuries:

Low-back pain, or back pain in general, is a fairly common complaint in football players due to overuse. Overuse can also lead to overtraining syndrome, when a player trains beyond the ability for the body to recover. Patellar tendinitis (knee pain) is a common problem that football players develop and can usually be treated by a quadriceps strengthening program.

Concussions:

Football players are very susceptible to concussions. A concussion is a change in mental state due to a traumatic impact. Not all those who suffer a concussion will lose consciousness. Some signs that a concussion has been sustained are headache, dizziness, nausea, loss of balance, drowsiness, numbness/tingling, difficulty concentrating, and blurry vision. The athlete should return to play only when clearance is granted by a health care professional.

Heat Injuries:

Heat injuries are a major concern for youth football players, especially at the start of training camp. This usually occurs in August when some of the highest temperatures and humidity of the year occur. Intense physical activity can result in excessive sweating that depletes the body of salt and water.

The earliest symptoms are painful cramping of major muscle groups. However, if not treated with body cooling and fluid replacement, this can progress to heat exhaustion and heat stroke — which can even result in death. It is important for football players to be aware of the need for fluid replacement and to inform medical staff of symptoms of heat injury.

How can Football Injuries be Prevented:

  • Have a pre-season health and wellness evaluation
  • Perform proper warm-up and cool-down routines
  • Consistently incorporate strength training and stretching
  • Hydrate adequately to maintain health and minimize cramps
  • Stay active during summer break to prepare for return to sports in the fall
  • Wear properly fitted protective equipment, such as a helmet, pads, and mouthguard
  • Tackle with the head up and do not lead with the helmet
  • Speak with a sports medicine professional or athletic trainer if you have any concerns about football injuries or football injury prevention strategies

Having Football Injuries? Call +65 6471 2744 or SMS to +65 9235 7641 for professional treatment and consultation

Common Cycling Injuries

Since the 1800s when bicycles first made their appearance, cycling has become popular for commuting, recreation, exercise, and sport. Studies estimate that large numbers of these cyclists experience physical problems: 48 percent in their necks, 42 percent in their knees, 36 percent in the groin and buttocks, 31 percent in their hands, and 30 percent in the back. No matter why they use a bicycle, young people can follow some basic safety principles to avoid common cycling injuries.

WHAT ARE THE MOST COMMON CYCLING INJURIES AND HOW CAN THEY BE PREVENTED?

Knee Pain

The knee is the most common site for overuse injuries in cycling. Patellofemoral syndrome (cyclist’s knee), patella and quandriceps tendinitis, medial plica syndrome, and iliotibial band friction syndrome are a few of the more common knee overuse injuries. The first four injuries mentioned involve pain around the kneecap, while the last condition results in outer knee pain. Shoe implants, wedges beneath the shoes, and cleat positions may help prevent some overuse injuries.

Head Injuries

One of the most common injuries suffered by cyclists is a head injury, which can be anything from a cut on the cheek to traumatic brain injury. Wearing a helmet may reduce the risk for head injury by 85 percent. The majority of states have no laws governing the use of helmets while riding a bicycle, but helmets are readily available for purchase and typically low in cost.

Neck/Back Pain

Cyclists most likely experience pain in the neck when they stay in one riding position for too long. An easy way to avoid this pain is by doing shoulder shrugs and neck stretches that help relieve neck tension. Improper form also leads to injuries. If the handlebars are too low, cyclists may have to round their backs, thus putting strain on the neck and back. Tight hamstrings and/or hip flexor muscles can also cause cyclists to round or arch the back, which causes the neck to hyperextend. Stretching these muscles on a regular basis will create flexibility and make it easier to maintain proper form. Changing the grip on the handlebars takes the stress off of over-used muscles and redistributes pressure to different nerves.

Wrist/Forearm Pain or Numbness

Cyclists should ride with their elbows slightly bent (never with their arms locked or straight). When they hit bumps in the road, bent elbows will act as shock absorbers. This is also where changing hand positions will help reduce pain or numbness. Two common wrist overuse injuries, Cyclist’s Palsy and Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, can be prevented by alternating the pressure from the inside to the outsides of the palms and making sure wrists do not drop below the handlebars. In addition, padded gloves and stretching the hands and wrists before riding will help.

Urogenital Problems

One common complaint from male riders who spend a lot of time riding is pudendal neuropathy, a numbness or pain in the genital or rectal area. It is typically caused by compression of the blood supply to the genital region. A wider seat, one with padding, a seat with part of the seat removed, changing the tilt of the seat, or using padded cycling shorts will all help relieve pressure.

Foot Numbness and Tingling

Foot numbness and tingling are common complaints, and shoes that are too tight or narrow are often the cause. In addition, foot numbness can be due to exertional compartment syndrome. This arises from increased pressure in the lower leg and resulting compression of nerves. The diagnosis is made by pressure measurements and is treated with surgical release.

Get professional consultation and treatment about your Cycling Injury. Call +65 6471 2744 or SMS to +65 9235 7641 for Appointment